Oxidative stress is when there is an excess of free radicals, a decrease in antioxidant defences, or a combination of these events.
Below other important propolis benefits for human health
- Antioxidant. The flavonoids in propolis are powerful antioxidants, capable of scavenging free radicals.
- Anti-inflammatory. The initial stage of healing is represented by an acute inflammatory reaction, in which inflammatory cells migrate to damaged tissue and phagocyte debris. At a later stage, fibroblasts and endothelial cells proliferate and generate a scar. A wide variety of natural products have been used as anti-inflammatory and healing agents, with propolis being a remarkable option.
- Anti-bacterial. The antibacterial activity of propolis should be considered on two levels. First, it is connected with the direct action on the microorganism, and the other with stimulation of the immune system resulting in activation of natural defences of the organism.
- Anti-viral. Due to its molecular and cellular anti-viral effect on polymerase-containing viruses, propolis can be used as crude extract and/or as fractions, pure substances or synthetic analogues in the therapy of viral diseases (AIDS, cancer, leukemia, hepatitis, etc.) and to inactivate biotechnological and genetically engineered products in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries.
- Anti-fungal. Propolis has a special compound called pinocembrin, a flavonoid that acts as an antifungal. These anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties make propolis helpful in wound healing.